13 facts one should know about Gratuity Act in India!!


Gratuity1

Some Basics about Gratuity:

 

  • Gratuity Act is applicable to all establishments, where number of employees, are 10 or more in any day of the preceding 12 months.  Click here to download the Gratuity bare act.
  • Charitable institutes and hospital are also covered under the act.
  • It includes both commercial and non commercial establishment like educational institutes etc.
  • Only Basic and Dearness allowance should be considered as wages for the purpose of Gratuity.
  • Gratuity payment formula:

 

Example: If an employee leave company after 10 years and his last Basic + Dearness allowance is 10,000 then his gratuity will be paid as per following formula.

 

(10,000/26)*15* 10

 

Please note that above formula will remain same irrespective of employee working in 5 days a week establishment.

 

 

FAQ  1: Can an employee claim Gratuity even before completion of 5 years?

 

Yes, An employee can claim gratuity even before completion of 5 years in followings cases:

  • Death (to his nominees)
  • Disablement

 

But the quantum of gratuity will be as per act.

 

FAQ  2: Can employer forfeit Gratuity, even if employee has completed 5 years?

 

Yes, employer can forfeit gratuity even if employee has completed 5 years in following cases:

 

  • If the services of such employee have been terminated for his riotous or disorderly conduct or any other act of violence on his part, or
  • If the service of such employee have been terminated for any act which constitutes an offense involving moral turpitude, provided that such offense is committed by him in the course of his employment.

Please note that above act should have been committed by employee during his employment. There should be a proper enquiry held after which employee was found guilty for aforesaid act or misconduct. Once proved guilty, employer should issue termination note to employee describing about his misconduct.

 

FAQ  3: Gratuity Payment when employee has completed 4 year and 240 days in 5th year?

 

This is one the most frequently asked question and there are various views available on it.

As per Section 2A of Gratuity Act (Continuous Service), an employee is eligible for gratuity if he has completed:

(i) one hundred and ninety days, in the case of an employee employed below the ground in a mine or in an establishment which works for less than six days in a week; and

(ii) two hundred and forty days, in any other case;

Earlier, we were also of opinion that gratuity can only be paid once an employee completes 5 years of continuous service which is not the case now as state above.
Following is the complete draft of the Section 2A of Gratuity Act for better understanding:

Section: 2A
Continuous service.

For the purposes of this Act, –
(1) an employee shall be said to be in continuous service for a period if he has, for that period, been in uninterrupted service, including service which may be interrupted on account of sickness, accident, leave, absence from duty without leave (not being absence in respect of which an order [***] treating the absence as break in service has been passed in accordance with the standing order, rules or regulations governing the employees of the establishment), lay off, strike or a lock-out or cessation of work not due to any fault of the employee, whether such uninterrupted or interrupted service was rendered before or after the commencement of this Act.
(2) where an employee (not being an employee employed in a seasonal establishment) is not in continuous service within the meaning of clause (1), for any period of one year or six months, he shall be deemed to be in continuous service under the employer –
(a) for the said period of one year, if the employee during the period of twelve calendar months preceding the date with reference to which calculation is to be made, has actually worked under the employer for not less than –
(i) one hundred and ninety days, in the case of an employee employed below the ground in a mine or in an establishment which works for less than six days in a week; and
(ii) two hundred and forty days, in any other case;
(b) for the said period of six months, if the employee during the period of six calendar months preceding the date with reference to which the calculation is to be made, has actually worked under the employer for not less than –
(i) ninety-five days, in the case of an employee employed below the ground in a mine or in an establishment which works for less than six days in a week; and
(ii) one hundred and twenty days, in any other case;
Explanation: For the purpose of clause (2), the number of days on which an employee has actually worked under an employer shall include the days on which –
(i) he has been laid-off under an agreement or as permitted by standing orders made under the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 (20 of 1946), or under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (14 of 1947), or under any other law applicab1c to the establishment;
(ii) he has been on leave with full wages, earned in the previous year;
(iii) he has been absent due to temporary disablement caused by accident arising out of and in the course of his employment and
(iv) in the case of a female, she has been on maternity leave; so, however, that the total period of such maternity leave does not exceed twelve weeks.
(3) where an employee employed in a seasonal establishment, is not in continuous service within the meaning of clause (1), for any period of one year or six months, he shall be deemed to be in continuous service under the employer for such period if he has actually worked for not less than seventy-five per cent of the number of days on which the establishment was in operation during such period.

 

FAQ  4: Gratuity payment in case employee has worked for more than 5 years with same employer but in different establishment?

 

Let’s take an example, that if an employee has worked in a company ABC for 3 years and due to some reason, he has been moved to company XYZ under same management. Employee got his Full and Final from ABC Company but not the gratuity amount as he has not completed 5 years there. He has spend another 2.5 years in company XYZ and resigned. At the time of his Full and final, will he be eligible for gratuity?

 

Answer is yes as both the companies are under same management and employee has completed 5.5 years to gather in both companies.

 

FAQ  5: Do company need to take insurance policy against LIC? Is it mandatory?

 

Gratuity payment is responsibility of employer. Nowhere in act, it is mentioned that employer need to take any sort of insurance policy for gratuity payment. Hence it is up to employer whether they want to take insurance policy to cover its gratuity liability.

 

There are various benefits of taking insurance policy for insurance company to cover gratuity liability, let’s say LIC:

  • Employer ensure that its liability is taken care by giving regular premium to LIC
  • Employer get tax rebate against that payment.
  • LIC also do life insurance for each employee hence in case of employee’s death, employee family get sum insured amount apart from gratuity.

 

 

FAQ  6: How much gratuity amount is exempted from income tax?

 

Upto Rs 10 Lacs. Click here to see notification by IncomeTax department.

 

FAQ  7: Can a company refuse to pay gratuity due to financial Loss to employees?

 

No, even if company is not doing financial well, company is bound to pay gratuity amount.

 

Company should ensure that it pays gratuity within 30 days from the date when gratuity become payable to an employee. Also it is responsibility of employer to notify employee about his gratuity payment even if employee do not apply for same. It is employer duty to pay the gratuity.

 

FAQ  8: Will an employee resigning from service or retrenched by employer will be eligible for Gratuity?

 

Yes, if they are satisfying the criteria of completion of 5 years. In case of employee who has been retrenched after 5 years of continuous service will get both gratuity and retrenchment benefits.

 

FAQ  9: Gratuity in case of contractual employee. Who will be responsible to pay gratuity?

 

In case of contractual employee, contractor is liable to pay gratuity but if contractor do not pay gratuity to employee then principal employer can be directed to pay the gratuity amount.

 

FAQ  10: Will trainee be entitled for Gratuity after completion of 5 years?

 

Yes. But employees who are hired for some temporary work should not be considered under gratuity act.

Please download some important judgement in support of this.

 

FAQ  11: Company making gratuity as part of CTC is correct?

 

This is another most debatable topic. Basically CTC stands for, cost to company and every company takes it different way. Hence, it is up to company whether they want to make it part of employee CTC or not.

 

There are two views:

 

One, employee become eligible for gratuity only after completion of 5 years so how come company can make it part of employee CTC and what if employee do not complete 5 years and leave the company before.

 

Second, as it is liability of employer to pay gratuity to employee in two cases: 1) when employee competes 5 years and 2) in case of death and disablement irrespective of completion of 5 years hence employee should make it part of CTC especially when employer has taken insurance policy to cover gratuity liability.

 

 

FAQ  12: What is the ceiling of gratuity amount payment?

 

It is Rs 10 L. In case an employee gratuity amount is more than 10 L then company is bound to pay max 10 L. In case company want to pay more than 10 L then company can pay it as performance bonus or ex gratia.

Click here to download the notification for same.

FAQ  13: How to treat number of months for the purpose of gratuity calculation after completion of 5 years?

 

For example, if an employee has worked for 5 years and 7 months then for the purpose of gratuity payment, 7 months will be rounded off to an year and he will get gratuity for 6 years but in case employee has worked for 5 years and 5 months then he will be eligible for 5 years gratuity payment only.

 


12 Comments

  1. Kannu January 24, 2016 3:44 pm  Reply

    I have a doubt in FAQ 12 ceiling of gratuity amount..for example If an employee is eligible to take 20 lakhs as gratuity fund.. Then he will be paid 10 lakhs .. Not more than that ?

    • HR SUCCESS TALK January 31, 2016 9:16 am  Reply

      Dear Kannu,

      In case the gratuity amount is more than 10 Lacs then it is up to employer to pay it or not. If employer wish to pay it then it should be paid as Ex gratia.

  2. susheel January 26, 2016 8:48 am  Reply

    Question
    Which of the following makes the employees ineligible for provident and gratuity benefits?

    Retirement
    Resignation
    Dismissal
    Discharge
    correct answer given is- discharge

    i want to know what is diference on discharge and dismissal?

    not giving pf money is not illegal?

    • HR SUCCESS TALK January 31, 2016 10:20 am  Reply

      Dear Susheel,

      Employee gets his PF in all cases.

  3. manish solanki April 5, 2016 4:09 pm  Reply

    i have completed 4 year 8 months and 8 days. will i be eligible for gratuity?
    my joining date is 28.07.2011.

    • HR SUCCESS TALK April 10, 2016 9:38 am  Reply

      Dear Manish,

      I think you are eligible for gratuity as you have completed 240 days in 5th year.

  4. rajesh2667rajesh shah July 22, 2016 6:55 pm  Reply

    Dear sir,
    I was work in one proprietor ship company.
    can i get gratuity after completed 5 year.
    our company accountant say we can not given gratuity because our company is
    proprietor ship. please reply

  5. Rajeesh R August 10, 2016 2:52 pm  Reply

    Dear Sir,
    I am worked in a company in 4 years 4 moths and 6 days, and resigned , please tell me i am eligible for gratuvity.

  6. Umesh December 12, 2016 9:33 am  Reply

    Hi Sir,

    My joining date : 10-Sept-2012
    Leaving date date : 20-Mar-2016

    Completed Year: 4 Yrs 190 Months

    Working hours : 8 per day
    Working days : 5 days in a week

    Working in IT sector.

    Please help me to understand my eligibility for Gratuity..

    Thanks in Advance.

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